Yes you can. Simply go to your sent items and open the item you sent, then click on actions and click on recall message. That should do the trick for you. I use it at work and it works fine. Although I have yet to try it from my home pc.
There are a LOT of limitations with the mail recall feature. Not the least of which is it requires an Exchange Server to work at all.. ie: you will not be able to recall POP/Internet/IMAP messages.
While this is quite an old article that "officially" applies to Outlook 97, the same limitations exist in
Also,the recalled message is not actually removed from the user's inbox. Instead, a second message is sent to the recipient with the word RECALL appended to the subject line. If the recipient opens the recall message, then the offending message will be deleted and a confirmation will be sent to the person who performed the recall. On the other hand, if the recipient opens the original message rather than the recall message, they will see the actual message that was sent by mistake.